By Vatsal Srivastava
SINGAPORE (Reuters) – The Japanese yen rose against the dollar on Thursday as a rout on Wall Street and weak European and U.S. economic data dented global risk sentiment, sending investors scurrying to safe-haven assets including government bonds.
The yen , seen as a safety-bet during times of market turmoil and economic stress, advanced 0.2 percent to trade at 112.06 on the dollar on Thursday.
Over the past week, nervousness around U.S. corporate earnings and geopolitical uncertainty added to heightened worries about global growth, Italy's free spending budget and Sino-U.S. trade tensions.
"Yen strengthening over the past three days is partly a reflection of surging demand for safety, as a result of global equity rout and rising volatility," said Margaret Yang, market analyst in Singapore at CMC Markets.
"Domestically, upbeat Japanese manufacturing PMI readings underpinned the strength of the currency, comparing to lackluster US new home sales numbers last night," she added.
On Wall Street, the S&P 500 (SPX) declined for a sixth day in a row as weak forecasts from chipmakers added to concerns about the impact on earnings from tariffs and a slowdown in China's economy.
Also dampening sentiment were September's two-year low in sales of new U.S. single-family homes, the latest sign that rising mortgage rates and higher prices were hurting demand for housing.
The grim U.S. session rippled through to Asia with stock markets from Japan to Australia sinking deep into the red. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan (MIAPJ0000PUS) skidded about 1.6 percent on Thursday.
The dollar, also considered a safe-haven, weakened slightly against the British pound and the euro (EUR=).
An index (DXY) measuring the U.S. currency versus six major peers traded around 0.16 percent lower in Asia at 96.26, after gaining an impressive 0.5 percent on Wednesday.
The Swiss franc , also considered a place of refuge during market turmoil, changed hands at 0.9963, gaining 0.16 percent on Thursday.
The euro (EUR=) staged a small relief rally to trade at $1.1407, after giving up almost 0.7 percent on Wednesday – its steepest fall in percentage terms since Sept. 27, on concerns over the pace of economic growth in Europe.
Euro zone business growth slowed more than expected this month, a widely watched Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) survey showed on Wednesday. German private-sector growth fell to its lowest in more than three years, and manufacturing in France hit a 25-month low, according to other surveys.
The European Central Bank (ECB) holds its monetary policy meeting later on Thursday, and investors will be looking for any new guidance acknowledging the recent slowdown in growth as well as the political stand-off between Brussels and Rome over Italy's free spending budget.
"Euro has limited upside given risk factors such as the Italian budget, Brexit and more recently the softening economic activity," said Rodrigo Catril, senior currency strategist at NAB.
"Mario Draghi will have to acknowledge weakness in the data and reaffirm that the ECB monetary tightening path is data dependent. ..risk is that he sounds dovish," added Catril.
U.S. 10-year treasury yields fell to 3.11 percent on Thursday as traders started to question the strong cyclical economic growth story of the U.S and rushed to the safety of sovereign bonds.
Yields for the U.S. benchmark have been on an uptrend thanks to a hawkish Federal Reserve as it looks to raise interest rates another 25 basis points in December.
The pound traded marginally higher versus the dollar at $1.2887, after losing 0.78 percent of its value on Wednesday and hitting a six-week low of 1.2865.
British Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit plans have stoked uncertainty over recent weeks, especially on the terms of Britain's exit from the EU.
But May received a show of support from her Conservative Party on Wednesday at a meeting in parliament, shifting the focus away from talk of an imminent leadership challenge over her Brexit strategy.